Degenerative Disc Disease:
Characterized by pain caused by damaged, dehydrated or deteriorated vertebral discs because of a degenerative disease.
Disc degeneration, in its early stages, may not cause symptoms like severe pain, but as the disease advances, you may experience pain in the lower back..
Herniated or Ruptured Discs:
As humans age, their intervertebral discs may get compressed and bulge outward. This is called herniation, and can cause the lower back region to become very painful. These herniated discs may also rupture, which also results in lower back pain.
Sometimes, a spinal nerve root can become compressed or inflamed, resulting in symptoms like pain or numbness that may also radiate to various other parts of the body that are connected to that particular nerve.
Other conditions like spinal stenosis, herniated or ruptured discs may also compress nerve roots, leading to radiculopathy.
This is a form of radiculopathy caused by the compression of the sciatic nerve.
The sciatic nerve is a large nerve in the body that starts in the lower back, splits above the hip and runs all the way down to the back of the legs.
When the sciatic nerve is compressed, it causes shock-like or burning pain in the lower back that is often paired with pain in the buttocks and legs, sometimes even reaching the foot.
Sometimes, a vertebra at the base of the spine slips out of its own place and pinches the nerves connected to the spinal cord, causing pain in the lower back.
Actions like playing sports, car accidents or experiencing a fall may cause serious damage to the ligaments, muscles or tendons which can lead to pain in the lower back region.
Traumatic injuries can also exert extra pressure on the spine which can lead to rupturing or herniation of the intervertebral disc. This can further compress the nerves rooted in the spinal cord, resulting in back pain or even sciatica.
This is a common condition that occurs as a result of the spinal column narrowing down. This exerts pressure on the spinal cord and the nerves connected to it. This causes symptoms like numbness with walking and if not taken care of, may lead to weakness in the leg and even sensory loss.
A sideways curve in the spine that mostly develops right before puberty and generally isn’t painful in its early stages or up until the middle age.
Lordosis is the abnormal inward curvature in the lower back region. In a lot of cases, scoliosis can lead to chronic pain that may require surgery in order to help heal.